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Journal of Ancient Civilizations (JAC) vol. 32, fasc. 1 (2017)

CONTENTS

Volume 32/1, 2017

 

ARTICLES

PALLAVIDINI, MARTA: The Hittite Wordkuri/ewana-, kui/erwana-: A New Assessment (1-11)

HEKSTER, OLIVIER: Religion and Tradition in the Roman Empire: Faces of Power and Anchoring Change (13-34)

KIDSON, LYN M.: Anonymous Coins, the Great Persecution and the Shadow of Sossianus Hierocles (35-53)

 

RESEARCH SURVEY: THE ANCIENT ECONOMY – NEW STUDIES

AND APPROACHES

GÜNTHER, SVEN: Introduction (55-67)

GÜNTHER, SVEN: Ancient Greece (69-81)

REINARD, PATRICK: Ancient Rome (Including Greco-Roman Egypt) (83-105)

 

FORUM: COMPARATIVE STUDIES – CHANCES AND CHALLENGES

MUTSCHLER, FRITZ-HEINER / SCHEIDEL, WALTER: The Benefits of Comparison: A Call for the Comparative Study of Ancient Civilizations (107-121)

GÜNTHER, SVEN:Ad diversas historias comparandas? A First, Short and Droysenbased Reply to Mutschler and Scheidel (123-126)


ABSTRACTS (127-129)

 

ABSTRACTS

Marta PALLAVIDINI(DAAD P.R.I.M.E Fellow, Freie Universität Berlin / KU Leuven)

KURI/EWANA-, KUI/ERWANA-: A NEW ASSESSMENT(pp. 1-11)

The meaning of the Hittite wordkuriwana-/kuierwana-has not been yet established with certainty. Some scholars translate it with “independent” while others favor the exactly opposite meaning “dependent.” Since the word is attested in a limited number of documents, it is possible to re-examine all the occurrences and the related contexts, and to propose a new assessment of the meaning of the word. In particular, I will suggest the meaning “juridically equal.”

Olivier HEKSTER(Institute for Historical, Literary and Cultural Studies, Radboud Universiteit)

RELIGION AND TRADITION IN THE ROMAN EMPIRE: FACES OF POWER AND ANCHORING CHANGE(pp. 13-34)

This article focuses on the apparent paradox within the religious history of the Roman Empire between the historical reality of continuous developments in religious practices and beliefs, and the equally continuous importance of assuming that matters remained the same. It will suggest that a systematic analysis of the relation between exercising power and religious innovation is helpful to solve the paradox, and that an important concept within that analysis is “anchoring.” The article takes the three “faces of power” that have been developed to define the process of exercising power as a starting point, and applies these to three exemplary case studies of religious change within Roman history. This shows how only changes enacted within a shared field of reference had any chance of being successful. Ultimately, religious changes that were most easily “anchored” in changing traditions were the most successful ones.

Lyn M. KIDSON(Macquarie University)

ANONYMOUS COINS, THE GREAT PERSECUTION AND THE SHADOW OF SOSSIANUS HIEROCLES(pp. 35-53)

Early in the fourth century CE an unusual series of bronze coins was minted in three cities: Antioch, Nicomedia and Alexandria. It is noteworthy that portraits of Emperors and Caesars are missing from these coins. Instead, they mostly depict city gods and goddesses, or in some cases the citytyche. J. van Heesch, in his influential 1993 study, dated all the coins to 312 CE. This study proposes a broader timeframe, 303–312 CE. It also argues that Sossianus Hierocles is a person to whom these issues might plausibly be tied.

RESEARCH SURVEY: THE ANCIENT ECONOMY – NEW STUDIES AND APPROACHES

Sven GÜNTHER(IHAC, NENU, Changchun)

INTRODUCTION & ANCIENT GREECE(pp. 55-67, 69-81)

Patrick REINARD(University of Trier)

ANCIENT ROME (INCLUDING GRECO-ROMAN EGYPT)(pp. 83-105)

Ancient Economy is a highly competetive as well as innovative field in modern ancient studies. The survey, divided up in two parts (the second part inJAC32/2 (2017)), presents new theoretical and methodological approaches, models and recent studies that have emerged in the last years. In part 1, Sven Günther will provide a general overview and discusses latest developments with regard to Ancient Greece. Patrick Reinard deals with the Roman world including Greco- Roman Egypt.

FORUM: COMPARATIVE STUDIES – CHANCES AND CHALLENGES

Fritz-Heiner MUTSCHLER / Walter SCHEIDEL(Dresden / Stanford University)

THE BENEFITS OF COMPARISON: A CALL FOR THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS(pp. 107-121)

Sven GÜNTHER(IHAC, NENU, Changchun)

AD DIVERSAS HISTORIAS COMPARANDAS? A FIRST, SHORT AND DROYSEN-BASED REPLY TO MUTSCHLER AND SCHEIDEL(pp. 123-126)

The forum focuses on comparative studies, their chances and potential challenges. While Fritz-Heiner Mutschler and Walter Scheidel point out the benefits of this approach, Sven Günther offers objections from a historian’s point of view.